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توضیحات

وبسایت مکاله اقدام به ارائه پروژه ی ساینس دایرکت با فرمت pdf، از انتشارات الزویر برای رشته علوم اقتصادی، و با عنوان بررسی سرمایه انسانی در موفقیت کارآفرینی، نموده است. 


مشخصات این مقاله :

عنوان مقاله :

Human capital and entrepreneurial success: A meta-analytical review

ترجمه فارسی عنوان :

سرمایه انسانی و موفقیت کارآفرینی : بررسی متا تحلیلی

سال انتشار : 2011

متعلق به مجله یا ژورنال :نشریه ریسک در کسب و کار – Journal of Business Venturing

فرمت: PDF

تعداد صفحات: 18

شماره پروژه: 5108


کلمات کلیدی :

Human capital,Success,Meta-analysis,Learning

سرمایه انسانی، موفقیت، متا تجزیه و تحلیل، یادگیری


چکیده  :

Abstract

The study meta-analytically integrates results from three decades of human capital research in entrepreneurship. Based on 70 independent samples (N=24,733), we found a significant but small relationship between human capital and success (rc=.098). We examined theoretically derived moderators of this relationship referring to conceptualizations of human capital, to context, and to measurement of success. The relationship was higher for outcomes of human capital investments (knowledge/skills) than for human capital investments (education/ experience), for human capital with high task-relatedness compared to low task-relatedness, for young businesses compared to old businesses, and for the dependent variable size compared to growth or profitability. Findings are relevant for practitioners (lenders, policy makers, educators) and for future research. Our findings show that future research should pursue moderator approaches to study the effects of human capital on success. Further, human capital is most important if it is task-related and if it consists of outcomes of human capital investments rather than human capital investments; this suggests that research should overcome a static view of human capital and should rather investigate the processes of learning, knowledge acquisition, and the transfer of knowledge to entrepreneurial tasks.


مقدمه این مقاله :

 Introduction

Formore than three decades entrepreneurship researchers have been interested in the relationship between human capital – including education, experience, knowledge, and skills – and success. A number of arguments suggest a positive relationship between human capital and success. Human capital increases owners’ capabilities of discovering and exploiting business opportunities. Human capital helps owners to acquire other utilitarian resources such as financial and physical capital, and it assists in the accumulation of new knowledge and skills. Although a positive relationship between human capital variables and success is well established, uncertainty remains over themagnitude of this relationship as well as the circumstances underwhich human capital ismore or less strongly associated with success. To date, the literature remains fragmented with studies differing in the conceptualization of human capital, the choice of success indicators, and the study contexts such as industry, country, and age of the business. We address the human capital — success relationship by systematically reviewing the literature and metaanalytically estimating the overall relationship between human capital variables and success.


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در این مقاله خواهید خواند که این مطالعه ادغام نتایج حاصل از سه دهه تحقیقی سرمایه انسانی در کارآفرینی می باشد.  این پژوهش نشان می دهد که شخص مورد نظر علاوه بر سرمایه انسانی و بررسی فرآیند های یادگیری و کسب دانش و انتقال دانش باید به وظایف کارآفرینی نیز بپردازد.


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