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مشخصات این مقاله :
عنوان مقاله :
Corporate social responsibility: Stakeholders influence on MNEs’ activities
ترجمه فارسی عنوان :
بررسی نفوذ ذينفعان در فعاليت های MNEs
سال انتشار : 2014
متعلق به مجله یا ژورنال : نشریه نقد و بررسی تجارت بین الملل – International Business Review
تعداد صفحات: 15
شماره پروژه: 5086
کلمات کلیدی :
Corporate social responsibility,Institutions,Korea,Multinational enterprises,Stakeholders
مسئوليت اجتماعی شرکت ها، موسسات، کشور کره، شرکت های چند مليتی، سهامداران
This research attempts to examine how specific stakeholder groups influence multinational enterprise (MNE) corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices in South Korea. Generally speaking, the results show that both primary (e.g., consumers, ‘internal managers and employees’ and business collaborators) and secondary stakeholders (e.g., governments, media, local community and NGOs) positively influence MNEs’ CSR. Contrary to previous research, this work also demonstrates that business collaborators have a negative and significant effect on MNEs’ CSR. Based on the findings this paper wishes to offer a framework for MNEs to thoroughly consider the impact of stakeholders when drawing a picture for their CSR strategy. Further, this work also hopes to contribute to current discussions in the area of CSR by bringing a new stream of research into the international business field. In addition, this work strives to provide useful and practical implications for MNEs wanting to operate in the South Korean market.
مقدمه این مقاله :
As globalization has intensified, the volume of foreign direct investment (FDI) has also dramatically increased in the past two decades. According to UNCTAD (2011), the recorded figure for 2010 revealed a more than triple increase in worldwide FDI activities since the year 2000 amounting to US$ 20.4 trillion. Although there have been some fluctuations in yearly flows of FDI (e.g., a decrease in 2001–2004). FDI has been playing an important role in the global market. The reason for the continual increase in multinational enterprises (MNEs) foreign operations is closely associated with the growing realization that FDI is a win–win strategy, which is beneficial for both home and host countries. For instance, home economies achieve market expansion, enjoy capital increases through earnings remitted by overseas subsidiaries, and learn local market information. Likewise, host countries receive substantial benefits for their economies as FDI helps in the creation of employment, the acquisition of valuable foreign technology, and the increase of exports that strengthens the balance-of-payments position of the local markets. However, we should also acknowledge that some governments and scholars (e.g., Chang, 2004; Dixon & Boswell, 1996a, 1996b;Perraton, 2007; Ziegler, 2005) have shed light on the negative aspects of MNE operations, and even argue that MNEs are one of the primary obstacles inhibiting economic growth in developing countries. The explanations given by these scholars propose the following negative impacts: MNE activities are often too vitalized and excessive, foreign firms attempt to dominate the market they enter and they present a challenge to national sovereignty.Moreover, aggravation of local competition pitted against MNEs inevitably culls locally grown enterprises, which results in a deterioration of employment. In particular, MNEs re-invest only a fraction of their revenues in local economies and drain positive effects from both capital injections and the balance of payments. This leads to serious reductions of foreign exchange reserves, forces local governments to borrow more foreign debt and pushes
the local economy into a vicious economic circle. These negative effects cause hardship for local governments and adversely influence their investments in infrastructure, education and technology development.
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توضیحات بیشتر در مورد پروژه :
این مقاله به بررسی چگونگي فعاليت هاي MNE ذينفعان و تاثير آن بر شرکت های بزرگ کره مي پردازد. علاوه براين اين تلاش براي ارائه مفيد و علمي MNEs نياز است که در بازار های کره جنوبی به کار گرفته شود.